Function vs. Industry: What’s the difference?

Many students often confuse the differences between job function and job industry. We know that the ability to differentiate between the two is instrumental in targeting your search as well as positioning yourself in the market. 

A job function refers to the responsibilities, tasks, and capabilities of a particular job role and typically aligns with what you study in business school: marketing, operations, finance, HR, etc.  An industry is a group of employers or businesses that produce a particular kind of goods or services: technology, retail, manufacturing.  For example, you can work in sales (job function) for a healthcare (industry) organization. *Note that some functions are also industries: accounting, finance, marketing.

Considering both function and industry in your career exploration can help you focus and anchor your research, personal branding, and overall job search strategy. 

Check out the articles and resources below to help you further define your career goals.     

Choose your next job by industry, then company, then role

Market Research Planning worksheet

Research industries

First Research 


Mergent Intellect 

Book of Lists 

Candid Career 


Read More Here

By W. P. Carey Career Services Center
W. P. Carey Career Services Center